HOW THE GAME WAS INVENTED

THE ORIGINS OF AND INFORMATION ABOUT HOCKEY

BELOW IS A VERY SHORT AND BASIC HISTORY OF THE 3 FORMS OF HOCKEY.

Hockey has been played in some form or other for 100s of years. It is thought to be 1 of the earliest sports in the world, and was played by the ancient Greeks, Egyptians, Persians, Romans, and Arabs.

Hurling, a sport very similar to hockey, is known to have been played during the first millennium BC in Ireland, and other similar types of sports were adopted by other Europeans in the Middle Ages (5th century to 15th century). In pre-Columbian times (before the 16th century) Native South Americans also played a game much the same as hockey. The name hockey, thought to have been adapted by the English from the French word hoquet (shepherd’s crook), was 1st given to the sport in the eighteenth century but was not in common usage until the nineteenth century.

Ice Hockey

The modern game was invented in the mid-1850´s by British soldiers based in Canada. Rules were set by students at McGill University in Montréal, Canada, in 1879, and many amateur clubs and leagues were organized in Canada by the late 1880´s. The game is believed to have been 1st played in the USA in 1893. By the beginning of the twentieth century the sport had spread to England and other parts of Europe. The modern game developed in Canada, and nowadays is very popular in North America and East Europe.

The NHL is the most important league in the world; this National Hockey League comprises teams from the United States and Canada, but for many years almost all NHL players Canadians. The winning team of this competition is awarded the Stanley Cup trophy. Ice Hockey became an Olympic sport in 1920 and is 1 of the most popular events at the Winter Olympics.

Roller Skate Hockey

Was played for the first time in county Kent, England at the beginning of the twentieth century. The International Federation was created in 1924 and since then the sport has spread to most parts of Europe, some countries in South America, Mozambique and Angola. It was also an exhibition sport at the Barcelona Games.

Field Hockey

A game resembling modern field hockey was played in public schools in England early in the nineteenth century. By the 1880´s the sport’s popularity was becoming well established, and women had begun to play. In 1924 the Fédération International de Hockey (FIH) was founded as Hockey’s governing body. The sport is popular mainly in Europe, India, Pakistan, and Oceania. Men’s field hockey became part of the Olympic Games in 1908; and women’s field hockey in 1980.

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